List of Presidents of India (1950-2023): The Leaders of the Republic

Hello, my friends! Today, I’m taking you on a journey through time. We’ll be exploring the list of Presidents of India from 1950 to 2023. It’s a fascinating journey, filled with remarkable individuals who have shaped the course of our nation’s history. So, let’s dive in!

List of Presidents of India (1950-2023): The Leaders of the Republic

The Role of the President in India

Before we dive into the list, let’s understand the role of the President in India. The President is the ceremonial head of state and the first citizen of India. They also serve as the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The President’s role is largely ceremonial, but they do have some key responsibilities. They sign bills into law, represent the country at official functions, and have the power to declare war or a state of emergency.

List of Presidents of India from 1950 to 2023

Now, let’s delve into the list of Indian Presidents from 1950 to 2023. This list includes some of the most influential figures in Indian history, who have left an indelible mark on our nation. From Dr. Rajendra Prasad, our first President, to the current holder of the office, each has played a pivotal role in shaping our nation’s destiny.

This table provides a comprehensive list of the Presidents of India from 1950 to 2023, along with their starting and ending dates, and a brief profile of each.

NameStarting DateEnding DateBrief Profile
Dr. Rajendra PrasadJanuary 26, 1950May 13, 1962First President of India, and the only one to have served two terms.
Dr. Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanMay 13, 1962May 13, 1967A distinguished philosopher and teacher, he was also the first Vice President of India.
Dr. Zakir HusainMay 13, 1967May 3, 1969First Muslim President of India and the first to die in office.
V. V. GiriAugust 24, 1969August 24, 1974Only person to have been both an acting President and a President.
Fakhruddin Ali AhmedAugust 24, 1974February 11, 1977Second President to die in office; his tenure witnessed the imposition of emergency.
Neelam Sanjiva ReddyJuly 25, 1977July 25, 1982First Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, he was the only person to be elected President unopposed.
Giani Zail SinghJuly 25, 1982July 25, 1987First Sikh President of India, he served during Operation Blue Star.
R. VenkataramanJuly 25, 1987July 25, 1992He served as Vice President of India before his presidency.
Dr. Shankar Dayal SharmaJuly 25, 1992July 25, 1997He served as the Vice President of India before his presidency.
K. R. NarayananJuly 25, 1997July 25, 2002First Dalit President and the first Malayali President of India.
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul KalamJuly 25, 2002July 25, 2007Known as the “People’s President”, he was also a renowned scientist.
Pratibha PatilJuly 25, 2007July 25, 2012First woman President of India.
Pranab MukherjeeJuly 25, 2012July 25, 2017Served as a senior leader in the Indian National Congress before his presidency.
Ram Nath KovindJuly 25, 2017July 25, 2022Second Dalit President of India, he served as the Governor of Bihar before his presidency.
Droupadi MurmuJuly 21st, 2022IncumbentDroupadi Murmu is an Indian politician and former teacher who is serving as the 15th and current President of India since 2022

Notable Achievements of Some Presidents

Certainly! Here’s the revised paragraph with added transition words:

Each President has contributed significantly to the nation. To begin with, for instance, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, known as the “People’s President”, was instrumental in advancing India’s space and nuclear programs. Following his example, Pratibha Patil, our first female President, broke the glass ceiling and served as a role model for women across the country. These accomplishments are notable, but they are only the tip of the iceberg. Following are just a few examples of the many achievements of our Presidents. In addition to these accomplishments, each of these Presidents has left a lasting legacy. Not only have they shaped the course of our nation’s history, but they also continue to inspire future generations.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, played a crucial role in drafting the Indian Constitution. His leadership and statesmanship during the early years of independence helped shape the nation’s democratic foundations.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, a renowned philosopher and scholar, used his presidency to promote education and culture. We celebrates his birthday as Teacher’s Day, reflecting his dedication to education.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Known as the “People’s President”, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was instrumental in advancing India’s space and nuclear programs. His vision for India’s development and emphasis on education continue to inspire millions.

Pratibha Patil

Pratibha Patil, the first female President of India, broke the glass ceiling in Indian politics. Her presidency symbolized the growing empowerment of women in India.

Pranab Mukherjee

Pranab Mukherjee, a veteran politician, brought a wealth of experience to the presidency. He marked his tenure with efforts to improve the functioning of the Parliament and to promote transparency in governance.

The Process of Electing the President in India

An electoral college, which includes the elected members of both houses of Parliament, as well as the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States and Union territories, elects the President of India. This process is a testament to the democratic values of our nation, ensuring that the President represents the will of the people. Here is the in-depth process of Electing the President of our nation:

The Electoral College

An electoral college, not the general public, elects the President of India. This electoral college comprises the elected members of both houses of Parliament, and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States and Union territories. Nominated members of Parliament or State Assemblies do not have the right to vote in this election.

The Voting Process

The voting process for the Presidential election is carried out through a secret ballot. Members of the electoral college cast their vote in a preferential system. This means that they can mark their first, second, and subsequent choices for the Presidential candidates. The votes are then counted, and if no candidate receives a majority of the first preference votes, the candidate with the least number of first preference votes is eliminated. The second preference votes of this candidate are then distributed among the remaining candidates. This process continues until a candidate receives a majority of the votes.

The Value of Votes

Interestingly, not all votes in the Presidential election carry the same value. The value of the vote of an MP is the same throughout the country. However, the value of the vote of an MLA varies from state to state. This is because the value of an MLA’s vote is proportional to the population of their state.

The Oath of Office

Once elected, the President-elect is required to take an oath of office before entering upon his duties. This oath is administered by the Chief Justice of India. In the oath, the President-elect swears to “preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and the law” and to devote himself to the service and well-being of the people of India.

The Recap

The Presidents of India have played a crucial role in shaping our nation. They have been the guiding force, leading us towards progress and prosperity. As we look back at the list of Presidents from 1950 to 2023, we are reminded of the strength of our democracy and the power of leadership.

FAQs on Presidents of India

  1. Who is the current President of India?
  • Droupadi Murmu is the 15th and current president, having taken office from 25 July 2022.

Who was the 2nd President of India?

The second President of India was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. He served as the President of India from 1962 to 1967. Prior to his presidency, Dr. Radhakrishnan was a distinguished philosopher, scholar, and academician. He was also the first Vice President of India from 1952 to 1962.

Dr. Radhakrishnan’s contributions to the field of philosophy were profound, and he was instrumental in introducing Indian philosophy to the Western world. He was honored with the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1954. His birthday, September 5th, is celebrated as Teacher’s Day in India, in recognition of his lifelong dedication to education and learning.

  1. Who was the longest-serving President of India?
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad served the longest term as President of India, from 1950 to 1962.
  1. Has any President of India served more than one term?
  • Yes, Dr. Rajendra Prasad is the only President of India who has served more than one term.
  1. Who was the youngest President of India?
  • Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was the youngest President of India. He took office at the age of 64.
  1. Can the President of India be impeached?
  • Yes, the President of India can be impeached for violation of the Constitution, but no President has been impeached to date.
  1. What are the qualifications to become President of India?
  • The candidate must be a citizen of India, must be at least 35 years old, must be qualified to become a member of the Lok Sabha, and must not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State.
  1. What is the term of office of the President of India?
  • The President of India holds office for a term of five years from the date on which they enter upon their office.
  1. Who was the first President of India to die in office?
  • Dr. Zakir Husain was the first President of India to die in office.
  1. Who succeeded the President of India if they died in office?
  • If the President of India dies in office, the Vice President of India assumes the role until a new President is elected.
  1. What is the salary of the President of India?
  • The President of India receives a monthly salary of Rs. 5 lakh.

Leave a Comment